Municipalismo y descentralización

Municipalismo y descentralización



Extracto del Libro ¿Espacios para el cambio?

Capítulo 10: participación, mutuación y transición política: nuevos espacios democráticos en las zonas Peri-Urbanas de Angola

Por Sandra Roque y Alex Shankland.

El capítulo está basado en autores que trabajan en Angola pero se han centrado en consultar estudios entre Septiembre de 2003 y Diciembre de 2004 para el Luanda Urban Poverty Programme (LUPP), junto a una iniciativa de Save The Children UK, CARE y Development Workshop (DW), asociado con One World Action (OWA), financiado por el UK Department for International Development (DFID). Leer y descargar el capítulo completo

Towards Mainstreaming Social Accountability: Mapping of Participatory Planning in East Asia

Discussion on participatory planning inevitably invites a discussion on the deeper understanding and appreciation of participation. The understanding on participation has historical roots and travelled along many discourses in the last three decades. The idea here is not to present a full scale review of such discourses but to present an outline which has deeper connection to other concepts used in this research work. Read more

Capacity Development os Local Gobernance Instititions in South Asia

The South Asia countries of Bangladesh, India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka are comparable historically given their Colonial past and also the challenging socio-economic and political conditions post Independence. Though India has been more or less stable as a democracy in terms of holding regular elections, the same cannot be said about its neighbouring nations. The reasons for this are many such as the presence of autocratic and military rulers or ethnic violence. Hence, their local governance institutions (LGIs) and their capacity development have not evolved sufficiently. Nevertheless, various approaches of capacity development have surfaced across the region in the effort towards strengthening democratic decentralisation and its institutions. Read more

Democratic Accountability in Local Governance Institutions Experiences from South Asia

This paper aims to analyse the processes of establishing diverse forms of social accountability mechanisms, their application and their outcomes in varying political and socio economic contexts of different South Asian countries. The countries in focus here are India ,Bangladesh, Nepal and Sri Lanka, where despite the existence of democracy, whether sixty years old or only a decade, the people’s experiences remain largely similar in terms of the democratic deficits they face in the form of poor accountability and lack of transparency in public institutions, non participatory methods of designing policies, and corrupt and inefficient institutions. Hence, in the given scenario the relevance of social accountability mechanisms becomes even more pronounced as it offers citizens opportunities to engage with government and monitor the delivery of public services which are quite critical to the development of South Asia’s poor citizens of. Publish for PRIA Global Partnership. Read more

Entrevista

Marta Harnecker: “Descentralizar no debilita el Estado nacional”

"La descentralización es la mejor arma para luchar contra el burocratismo y la corrupción", así lo considera la investigadora Marta Harnecker, directiva del Centro Internacional Miranda, quien, en entrevista con Últimas Noticias, aseguró que el mismo Carlos Marx recomendaba descentralizar todo lo que se pudiera. Publicado por Rebelión

The World Bank: Report Decentralization. Rethinking Government. South Africa, Uganda, Bosnia, Ethiopia, India, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

People around the world are demanding greater self-determination and influence in the decisions of their governments—a force this report has labeled localization. Some 95 percent of democracies now have elected subnational governments, and countries everywhere—large and small, rich and poor—are devolving political, fiscal, and administrative powers to subnational tiers of government (Box 5.1).1 But decentralization is often implemented haphazardly. Decisionmakers do not always fully control the pace or genesis of the decentralization process. Even when they do, models of decentralization are often exported from one country to another without regard for local political traditions, regulatory frameworks, or property rights. Read the document

Darlyn Meza. “El Salvador: El caso de Educo”. Taller Internacional sobre participación y empoderamiento para un desarrollo inclusivo. Banco Mundial

Describe el programa EDUCO, que caracteriza la reforma educativa de El Salvador en la década de 1990. EDUCO es una alternativa de co-gestión entre el Estado y la comunidad, para ampliar la red educativa en los niveles de educación parvularia y básica, a través de procesos de descentralización tales como la transferencia de fondos del nivel central y regional del Ministerio de Educación hasta el nivel local, para ser administrados por los propios padres y madres de familia y la comunidad, en calidad de co-responsables del proceso educativo. Descargue y lea el documento completo

United Nations Development Programme: Liberia Decentralization and Local Development

This national program aims to strengthen policy and strategy development, system and institutional development, whilst promoting local, sector-specific investments and, in the process, ensuring effective financial management by local governments.

Overall Objectives

The Liberia Decentralization and Local Development (LDLD) and the UN Country Support Team Joint Programme is aimed at supporting the Liberian Government’s broader development efforts including capacity development of national and sub-national administration for service delivery. It is also aimed at developing a framework for decentralizing political, administrative, fiscal governance, and social responsibilities and supports the development of institutions, instruments and processes to implement decentralization. Under this framework LDLD/CST supports the formulation and development of policies, strategies, legal instruments, frameworks, systems and procedures for local governance for effective planning, and public expenditure management at the county, district and sub-district levels as well as strengthening the capacities of local government to lead and coordinate the implementation of Liberia’s Poverty Reduction Strategy thereby promoting sustainable economic opportunities and accelerated progress towards attainment of the MDGs while using human rights based approaches.

The United Nations-Nippon Foundation Fellowship Programme 2006-2007: Making Decentralized Coastal Zone Management Work For The Southeast Asian Region: Comparative Perspectives

This present study examines comparatively one of current issues in coastal zone management (CZM) in Southeast Asian region, decentralized policy on CZM, through an overview of the approaches taken by Malaysia, Indonesia and Philippines. It analyzes the theoretical and practical aspects of decentralized CZM. This present study is one of few studies to date to analyze a wide variety of contemporary approaches to decentralized CZM and its major emerging trend in three States. Some part of this present study benefits from the authors previous work which was published at the Coastal Management journal, especially for Malaysia and Indonesia sections, with minor modification. Read more

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